Life Cycle Assessment of Medical Solid Waste Management

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Rahmat Safrin H. Malik
Muhammad Mufti Azis
Bertha Maya Sopha


Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) or environmental impact analysis is an instrument or measuring tool for environmental aspects of a product and potential environmental impacts during the product's life cycle. Although some industries have adopted LCA studies, LCA is still used in a limited way in service industries such as hospitals, especially in Indonesia. Common problems in hospitals are where medical waste disposal send to open dumping and limited processing services that can damage the environment. This matter became more complex when it was discovered that 2,900 hospitals in Indonesia have not managed medical waste properly. This research was conducted at the UGM Academic Hospital. This research aims to measure the environmental impact of medical solid waste management at the UGM Academic Hospital from cradle to grave. The results of the impact assessment in this research using the CML-IA Baseline methods with the functional unit of 1 ton of medical solid wasted, Global Warming Potential (GWP) impact was 36,179.9 kg CO2 eq,  Human Toxicity impact was 2,715.7 kg 1.4-DB eq,  Eutrophication impact was 9.40 kg PO4-3 eq, Acidification impact was 53.9 kg SO2 eq, and the Ozone Layer Depletion impact was 6.14x10-3 kg CFC-11 eq. The incineration process at UGM Academic Hospital is still carried out by partner companies. In this scenario assumed that UGM Academic Hospital has an incinerator. Results of this scenario, the important issue of this research is the impact of global warming potential (GWP) where the impact decrease by 421.5 kg CO2 eq per 1 ton of medical solid waste per year.

Article Details

How to Cite
R. S. H. Malik, M. M. Azis, and B. M. Sopha, “Life Cycle Assessment of Medical Solid Waste Management”, J. Ind. Eng. Edu., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 83–96, Sep. 2023.


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